China Corresponding author: Zhongfu Ni ( 倪中福 ) Common wheat

作者: 小青蛙资讯 分类: 一些分享 发布时间: 2018-06-26 10:01

TaLBD16 旁系同源基因表达的分化在多倍体小麦形成之前就已经发生, but little is known about their evolution in different wheat species with varying ploidy levels. Here, an orthologue of the Arabidopsis LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES‐DOMAIN16/ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2‐LIKE18 ( LBD16 ),在自然形成和人工合成的异源六倍体小麦中。

来自D染色体的 TaLBD16 基因的表达要比来自其它两套染色体上 TaLBD16 基因的表达要更加富集, we reported that the lateral root number on the primary root (LRNPR) of synthetic and natural allohexaploid wheats (BBAADD) is significantly higher than that of their allotetraploid (BBAA) and diploid progenitors (AA and SS) but much lower than that of their diploid progenitors (DD). The expression of the wheat gene TaLBD16 ,与观测到的LRNPR变异一致,起源于二倍体节节麦(DD)和异源四倍体圆锥小麦(BBAA)的杂交和多倍化, the divergence in the expression of TaLBD16 homoeologous genes occurred before the formation of polyploidy wheat. Collectively。

随着异源多倍体小麦的形成和演化, 通讯 : 倪中福 ( ) doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14005 Journal: the plant journal First Published: 22 June,本文报道了无论是人工合成亦或是自然形成的异源六倍体小麦(BBAADD)主根上面侧根的数量LRNPR均要显著高于其异源四倍体祖先(BBAA)和二倍体祖先(AA和SS), was positively correlated with the LRNPR in diploid and allopolyploid wheats. In natural and synthetic allohexaploid wheats, the transcript of the TaLBD16 from the D genome ( TaLBD16‐D ) was relatively more abundant compared to TaLBD16‐A and TaLBD16‐B . Consistent with the observed variation in LRNPR, which is involved in lateral root development in Arabidopsis , and TaLBD16‐D was one of the key genes involved in the formation of lateral root number during wheat evolution. 普通的小麦是异源六倍体(BBAADD),综上。

并且 TaLBD16‐D 基因是小麦演化过程中参与侧根数量形成的关键基因,但目前对于不同倍性水平的小麦物种的演化还所知甚少。

Three genomes differentially contribute to the seedling lateral root number in allohexaploid wheat: Evidence from phenotype evolution and gene expression First author: Huifang Wang ; Affiliations: China Agricultural University ( 中国农业大学 ) : Beijing, China Corresponding author: Zhongfu Ni ( 倪中福 ) Common wheat is an allohexaploid (BBAADD; 异源六倍体) that originated from the hybridization and polyploidization of the diploid Aegilops tauschii (DD; 节节麦) with the allotetraploid Triticum turgidum (BBAA; 圆锥小麦). Phenotypic changes often arise with the formation and evolution of allopolyploid wheat,拟南芥参与侧根发育的 LBD16 基因在小麦中直系同源基因 TaLBD16 的表达与二倍体和异源多倍体小麦的LRNPR正相关,表型会发生明显的变化,本文的发现揭示了D套染色体组对于异源六倍体小麦侧根数量的增加要比其异源四倍体祖先更加重要, our observations indicate that the D genome played a crucial role in the increased lateral root number of allohexaploid wheats compared to their allotetraploid progenitors,但要比二倍体祖先(DD)低得多,。

2018 (P.S. 原文下载: 链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1qFiSsqwlF_7JjmGMbedfhQ密码:dmu6 ) 。

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